What is furniture, fixtures, and equipment (FF&E)? Definition and examples
Furniture, fixtures, and equipment or FF&E describes the movable items in a structure that have no permanent connections to a building. They do not have permanent connections to utilities either. FF&E is not normally part of the contract between the building contractor and its owner.
Sometimes we use the terms FFE or FF&A. FF&A stands for furniture, fixtures, and accessories.
In the majority of building contracts, the general contractor does not have to provide any FF&E. Typically, the owner of the building or an interior designer provides the FF&E package.
Construction design drawings or blueprints rarely include FF&E. When they do include them, they are only there to depict scale and size.
My Accounting Course says the following about the term:
“FF&E are assets that depreciate over their useful life, usually three years or more, and include office furniture, fixtures, and equipment, such as machinery, computers, tables, and any other asset that is not related to the building structure.”
When valuing a company, we must take into account FF&E costs to calculate long-term depreciation. Depreciation refers to the decline in the value of assets over time.
FF&E – an accounting term
It is an accounting term that we use when selling, liquidating, or valuing a building or a business.
In accounting, we compile all the FF&E in a separate line item in a financial statement or budget under tangible assets.
Tangible items are things we can touch because they have physical form. Therefore, tangible assets are assets that we can touch, unlike intangible assets.
Furniture, fixtures, and equipment go into a project’s final cost.
Auditors can then determine whether a purchase comes under or over budget.
In most cases, these items have a lifespan of at least three years.
There are different ways accountants can determine depreciation of furniture, fixtures, and equipment. They must first estimate what the item’s useful lifespan is.
For example, a conference table may have a 20-year lifespan, while a computer’s life probably ends within three to four years.
FF&E – vital items
Furniture, fixtures, and equipment are vital to a business’ operations. For example, desks and chairs are crucial for a law or accounting practice to function or operate successfully.
A hospital would come to a standstill if it had no beds, chairs, computers, or medical devices.
If a company uses an item for its normal, everyday operation, we place it in the FF&E category.
In interior design, a ‘furniture, fixtures, and equipment remodel’ of a house means working on the movable items of the house. Board & Vellum, an architecture and design company, writes:
“When we talk about an FF&E remodel of a condo, we’re thinking of leaving all the walls, windows, and doors in place, but integrating new furniture pieces, appliances, door hardware, and lighting.”
In interior design, ‘furniture, fixtures, and equipment’ does not usually include ‘finishes.’ Paint, wallpaper, tiles, for example, are ‘finishes.’
However, interior designers sometimes include finishes on residential (small) projects.
When interior designers include finishes, they usually use the term FFF&E. FFF&E stands for furniture, fixtures, finishes, and equipment.