Air compressors are significant equipment for construction purposes. The main job of an air compressor is to provide power to electrical tools. There are numerous kinds of air compressors, and every air compressor has its own set of pros and cons. usually, there are four kinds of air compressors based on positive displacement. Let’s check a detailed guide to these air compressors.
Four types of air compressors!
The majority of the air compressor works come under the positive displacement air compressor category. The compressor that falls under the category of positive displacement compressor has a bit unique mechanism, but each compressor’s basic concept and principle is similar to one another. Each air compressor comprises one cavity, which is meant to hold air inside it.
Subsequently holding the air, it poultices this cavity to incline potential energy. The four basic kinds of air compressor are Rotary Screw compressor, Centrifugal compressor, axial compressor and reciprocating compressor.
Rotary Screw Compressor
As per reports, this type of compressor is one of the most basic types of air compressor. One of the significant advantages of this air compressor is that it is straightforward to handle and maintain. Each rotary compressor consists of internal mechanics that automatically cool down the entire equipment. Due to the presence of a cooling system, you don’t need to provide high maintenance to the rotary screw compressor. Unfortunately, the size of the rotary compressor is usually huge.
You can easily compare a rotary screw compressor with a giant industrial machine. The compressor utilizes rotors present in the machine to form energy. The rotors present in this air compressor are lie in different directions to one another. The job of two rotors present opposite to each other is to hold the air from outside and compress the housing to build up pressure. As discussed above, rotary screw compressors have a specialized cooling system, and it ensures a continuous usage of the machine without any fail. The power of the Rotary screw compressor can vary from 5 HP to 300 HP or horsepower. To find more about the compressors you can visit Air Compressor Club
The main job is to accumulate air from outside and convert it into potential energy. Every compressor uses different devices to do this job; for example, the rotary compressor uses two rotors to build pressure from the air. Centrifugal compressors utilize the diffusers to generate potential energy.
Centrifugal compressors can generate a gigantic extent of energy even in small equipment. As discussed above, rotary compressors require less maintenance due to the cooling system, and the fact might astound that Centrifugal compress needs less maintenance than the rotary compressor. Furthermore, the power of this compressor can extend up to 1000 horsepower. Due to its higher potential of generating energy, extensive construction sites use this equipment considerably.
Compressors of this type are not appropriate for construction sites. These compressors are designed explicitly for huge vehicles like planes and cruise engines. Undeniably the efficiency of this compressor is immense, but not everyone can afford the axial air compressor as its cost is higher than any other compressor. Aerospace industries also use this compressor for performing thorough research.
Reciprocating Air compressor!
Reciprocating is the utmost affordable air compressor, and one can use this air compressor even at a tiny construction site. However, experts don’t recommend anyone to use this compressor continuously for hours.
The number of moving parts present in this compressor is much more than any other compressor. Reciprocating air compressors require some maintenance as you need to oil moving parts of the compressor for their smoother mechanism.
In these types of air compressors, there are no diffusers or rotors. Instead, the compressor comprises a piston and a cylinder that performs the task of building up potential energy. In addition, there are a few kinds of reciprocating based on pressure range.
A reciprocating multistage air compressor is appropriate if a small construction site requires more energy. The HP up to which a multistage reciprocating air compressor can extend is 30 horsepower. But, of course, one can always go with the single-stage compressor for nominal construction jobs.
The portion mentioned above describes different types of air compressors.
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