Diabetes and hypertension or high blood pressure are aspects of metabolic syndrome that have so much in common.
While diabetes is an autoimmune condition, once ruled out it stays with the person for the rest of their life.
High blood pressure or hypertension can be understood as a long-term force of blood against artery walls that leads to cardiovascular issues.
It is still unknown to many researchers, what is the relationship between diabetes and hypertension is? But there are few factors that are known to be a factor in both conditions include chronic inflammation, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high fat or sodium diet.
Diabetes and Hypertension: What is the Relationship
Due to the long-term high sugar levels – the cardiovascular system could get affected, in which arteries get hard, and to make blood reach the heart it works with more pressure. Eventually leads to hypertension or high blood pressure.
If untreated it can cause a heart attack or heart failure along with damage to the blood vessels.
Factors that share common causes with diabetes and hypertension are
- Obesity – It is a root cause of many health issues including high blood pressure and diabetes. Factors like high fat diet, being inactive, not getting enough amount of vitamins and minerals in the diet can be responsible for it.
- Insulin resistance – It is itself a broad topic causes when a body stops reacting to the insulin hormone or doesn’t produce enough.
- Oxidative stress – It can be caused by many factors including food, environmental, etc, and is known to be a major contributor to many diseases.
- Inflammation – There are many factors responsible for it and known to be a common cause of diabetes with high blood pressure.
Being hypertensive or having high blood pressure itself for the long term can be a contributor to many other diabetes complications include –
- Blood circulation problems – Due to many associated problems including peripheral vascular disease can increase complications.
- Kidney diseases – Having it can increase diabetic complications.
- Diabetic retinopathy – It is known to damage eye
Risk factors for diabetes with hypertension
If diabetes is not managed properly then it can increase the risk of high blood pressure. Other factors that have the potential to cause damage is –
- High cholesterol
- High sodium diet
- Kidney disease
- Sleep apnea
- High-fat diet
- Having family history
- Excessive alcohol and tobacco
- Vitamin deficiency
Risk factors for hypertension with gestational diabetes
Women who manage their low blood sugar levels during pregnancy are less likely to experience high blood pressure. If they do develop hypertension during pregnancy then the doctor may ask few things to diagnose –
- Liver enzymes become abnormal
- Urine protein levels
- Low platelet count
- Abnormal kidney function
- Regular exercise – Doing exercise on regular basis can help people in keeping their blood sugar levels and blood pressure in control.
- Maintain healthy weight – People with excessive fat in the body requires to lose extra weight. As it is a risk factor for both diabetes and high blood pressure.
- No to smoking – Smoker who is diabetic are at higher risk of – heart, kidney, retinopathy, neuropathy, poor blood flow. In such cases, people should stay away from any kind of smoking.
- Healthy diet – People who eat junk or unhealthy foods are more prone to have any kind of disease. It’s always better to have fresh fruits, vegetables, high fiber, and whole-grain foods in your diet. Also avoids or limit unhealthy fats include trans and animal fats.
- Limit alcohol – It is known to raise blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and weight gain. It’s been better to avoid alcohol.
Hypertension or high blood pressure when it occurs?
It is measured by a machine, which shows readings shown by mercury in millimeters (mm hg). It measures the pressure of blood flow in the body. Usually, It measures two numbers –
- Systolic pressure – They are the upper number reflected in the machine, which measures pressure in arteries.
- Diastolic pressure – They are lower numbers reflected in the machine, which measures arteries pressure between beats.
Generally, hypertension is measured –
- 120 mm Hg upper numbers and 80 mm Hg lower numbers are considered safe.
- If upper numbers are 120 -139 mm Hg and lower numbers less than 80 mm Hg is seen as elevated.
- 130 – 139 mm Hg upper number or lower numbers between 80 – 89 mm Hg comes in hypertension stage 1 category.
- 140 mm Hg or higher upper levels while 90 mm Hg or higher than it is considered as hypertension stage 2 category.
- In cases where upper numbers are 180 mm Hg or lower numbers higher than 120 mm Hg requires immediate medical attention.
Info: If you are suffering from diabetes for a long period. Like others, you also think that getting rid of diabetes is not
Diabetes and high blood pressure are conditions that often appear together, which can be prevented with lifestyle, dietary, etc adjustment plans given by the doctor.
Before starting any new treatment or you have any questions, want to understand more about the relationship between diabetes and hypertension – It has always been better to take an expert opinion to get a better perspective for you.
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