Introduction to Hydroponics and its Different Types

Do you know the future of farming?

Its Hydroponics, a way of growing plants indoors while offering sufficient nutrients, air, and light. This method has been around for a while, but it gained critical acclaim recently, as more people are trying to grow their food at home. The following will be an introduction to the system and its like.

Introduction

Hydroponics is a way of growing plants in a watery and nutrient rich environment. This method doesn’t use soil. Instead, it implements a root system that is supported by inert mediums, which include:



  • Clay Pellets
  • Peat Moss
  • Rockwool
  • Perlite
  • Vermiculite

This system lets the plant root come in contact with the nutrient solution. The apparatus also let’s access to air for oxygen.

Why choose hydroponics?

Hydroponics represent the future of farming. It allows you the ability to control different variables that affect how your plant grows. A fine-tuned system yields better crop, both in quality and quantity.

If you want to grow your favorite plants, then hydroponics can help you do it even in the tightest of spaces. Yes, it looks scary, considering you need to set the system, harvest the plants, etc. But once you get through the initial set up, everything will fall into place quickly.

Different types of hydroponic systems

Following, we are going to describe the different types of the hydroponic systems used today. Read these carefully and evaluate which one is best suited for you!



Deep water Culture

The reservoir system is easy to use. In this system, the roots are suspended in nutrient solution, while the aquarium pumps air to oxygenate the solution. It keeps the roots of plants from drowning and the light from penetrating the system as it leads to algae growth. This is an excellent solution for beginners.

Nutrient film

This hydroponic features a continuous flow of nutrient solution that continually runs over plant roots. The solution is on a slight tilt, so it flows with the force of gravity. The Nutrient Film Technique works seamlessly, as plants absorb more oxygen from the air than nutrient solution. Only the tips of roots come in contact with the nutrient solution; this way, the plant gets more oxygen, which then facilitates growth.



Aeroponics

A unique Hydroponics system in which roots are mixed with a nutrient solution while suspended in air. There are two ways to expose the roots to the solution. The first one uses a fine spray nozzle to mist the roots, while the second uses a pond fogger. Just make sure you use a Teflon disc with the fogger to cut off maintenance work. Agron.io can help you with all of it!

Wicking

It’s an easy and affordable approach.  Take some cotton, harvest the plants in it, and wick it with the nutrient solution. If you don’t want to use the cotton, remove it to wick nutrients to the roots. Suspend the bottom of your medium right into the solution. Use perlite or vermiculite for this purpose. Don’t use Rockwool, peat moss, because they can suffocate the plant.