Investment portfolio: what it is and how to build a good one

A successful financial plan revolves around the concept of an “investment portfolio”. This carefully chosen combination of assets might be the key to accomplishing your financial objectives, including accumulating wealth, investing for retirement, or supporting a dream project. But what precisely is an investing portfolio, and how do you create a strong one?

Here, we’ll delve into the realm of investment portfolios, understanding the concept and offering helpful tips on how to build a solid, diversified portfolio that matches your specific financial goals.

What is an investment portfolio?

A portfolio of investments includes a variety of financial instruments, including bonds, stocks, mutual funds, and real estate. Diversifying and managing one’s investments is a measured strategy for achieving long-term financial objectives. Risk tolerance, time horizon, financial objectives, and investment expertise are just a few factors that should be carefully considered when creating a strong investment portfolio.

How do I build a good investment portfolio?

  • Set defined financial objectives

Before creating your investing portfolio, you must define your financial goals. Are you putting money down for retirement, a house, or your child’s schooling? Your goals will determine your investing time timeline, risk tolerance, and asset allocation. It isn’t easy to develop an efficient investing plan without well-defined goals.

  • Allocation of assets

The procedure of selecting how to split your investments across various asset classes, such as shares, real estate, fixed income and cash, is known as asset allocation. This stage is critical since it has a big influence on your portfolio’s risk and return possibilities. Diversification, or spreading your assets across many asset classes, reduces risk.

  • Consider your risk tolerance

Your risk tolerance is an important aspect of developing a successful portfolio. It displays your level of comfort with market ups and downs. Evaluate your risk tolerance genuinely. If you are sceptical of risk, you might favour a more conservative strategy with a larger allocation to cash and bonds. If you’re comfortable with risk, you may take a more aggressive strategy with a bigger stock allocation.

Unit Trust Investments 

Unit trust investments are a crucial component of a well-diversified portfolio. Unit trusts, commonly called mutual funds or collective investment schemes, incorporate money from multiple investors to invest in a diverse portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other assets. Here are some of the reasons why unit trusts might be an excellent inclusion to your portfolio:

  • Professional management

Professional fund managers handle unit trusts and make investment choices on your behalf. Their expertise can assist you in increasing profits while lowering your risk.

  • Diversification

As they invest in diverse assets, unit trusts provide quick diversification. This diversification reduces the impact of a bad asset on your whole portfolio.

  • Liquidity

As unit trusts are very liquid, you can sell or purchase units on any business day. Also, because of their liquidity, they are ideal for investors who want immediate access to their cash.

  • Availability

As unit trusts come in various forms and cater to different risk profiles, they are accessible to investors with differing budgets.


Creating a solid investment portfolio is an important step towards achieving financial prosperity. So, you may establish a well-balanced and profitable investing strategy by having clear goals, diversifying your investments, measuring your risk tolerance, and adding unit trusts to your portfolio. It is also necessary to assess and rebalance your portfolio regularly to ensure it stays consistent with your investing plan and changing market conditions.