LASIK Surgery: Types, Procedure and Outcomes

Are you tired of wearing glasses or contacts and looking for a permanent solution to improve your vision? LASIK surgery may be an option for you. LASIK, or Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis, is a surgical procedure that uses a laser to reshape the cornea, the transparent dome-shaped tissue at the front of the eye, to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. In this article, we’ll discuss the different types of LASIK surgery, the procedure itself, and the potential outcomes along with LASIK Surgery Cost in India.

Types of LASIK Surgery

There are different types of LASIK surgery that can be tailored to an individual’s specific vision needs. The most common types include:

  1. Traditional LASIK: This is the most commonly performed type of LASIK. During the procedure, a flap is created in the cornea using a microkeratome, a surgical instrument with a blade. The flap is then lifted to expose the underlying cornea, which is reshaped with a laser. The flap is then replaced and allowed to heal naturally.
  2. Bladeless LASIK: Also known as all-laser LASIK, this type of LASIK uses a femtosecond laser to create the corneal flap, instead of a microkeratome blade. This can result in a more precise and accurate flap, which may lead to better visual outcomes.
  3. Wavefront-guided LASIK: This type of LASIK uses advanced technology to create a customized treatment plan based on the unique characteristics of an individual’s eye. This can result in a more precise and personalized correction of vision problems.

The LASIK Procedure

The LASIK procedure typically takes about 15-30 minutes per eye and is performed under local anesthesia. Here’s what you can expect during the procedure:

  1. Preparation: Before the procedure, your eye will be numbed with eye drops. A small device called a lid speculum will be used to hold your eyelids open.
  2. Creating the Flap: For traditional LASIK, a microkeratome will be used to create a flap in the cornea. For bladeless LASIK, a femtosecond laser will be used to create the flap. Once the flap is created, it is lifted to expose the underlying cornea.
  3. Reshaping the Cornea: A laser is used to reshape the cornea based on the individual’s specific vision needs. The laser is guided by a computer, which tracks eye movements to ensure accurate treatment.
  4. Replacing the Flap: Once the cornea has been reshaped, the flap is replaced and allowed to heal naturally.

Outcomes of LASIK Surgery

LASIK surgery can result in significant improvements in vision, with many individuals achieving 20/20 vision or better. However, it’s important to note that not everyone is a good candidate for LASIK, and there are potential risks and complications associated with the procedure, including:

  • Dry eyes
  • Halos or glare around lights
  • Undercorrection or overcorrection of vision
  • Flap complications

It’s important to discuss any potential risks and complications with your eye surgeon before undergoing LASIK surgery. Additionally, it’s important to follow all post-operative instructions provided by your surgeon to ensure a successful recovery.


LASIK surgery can be a life-changing procedure for individuals looking to permanently correct their vision problems. With advances in technology, there are now different types of LASIK surgery that can be tailored to an individual’s specific vision needs. However, it’s important to carefully consider the potential risks and complications before undergoing the procedure.

 If you’re interested in LASIK surgery, consult a qualified eye surgeon to determine if you are a good candidate and to discuss the potential benefits and risks. Remember, the goal of LASIK surgery is to improve your vision and quality of life, so it’s important to make an informed decision and choose a skilled and experienced surgeon to perform the procedure.