What is Forex And Automated Trading System

The forex market, also known as the market for trading foreign currencies is known as the foreign exchange market. The foreign exchange (forex) market is one of the world’s most liquid financial markets, with trillions of dollars in daily transactions. With a regular trading rate of more than $5 trillion dollars, forex trading is focused on the selling of currencies all over the world.

Trading of currencies

Both currencies have a three-letter code, similar to a company’s ticker symbol. Although there are over 170 currencies in the world, the US dollar and its code: USD are the most common forex robots. The euro, which is adopted in 19 European Union countries, is the most popular currency and the second most popular” currency.

The “other major currencies are the Japanese yen (JPY), the British pound (GBP), the Australian dollar (AUD), the Canadian dollar (CAD), the Swiss franc (CHF), and the New Zealand dollar (NZD), in that order” (NZD).

The two currencies involved in the deal are combined in all forex transactions. The majors, which include the following seven currency pairs, account for approximately 75% of all forex trading:

  • Euro/Dollar
  • Dollar /JPY
  • GBP/ Dollar
  • AUD/ Dollar
  • Dollar /CAD
  • Dollar /CHF
  • NZD/ Dollar

Quotation of Forex trade

Every currency pair represents the current exchange rate between the two currencies. Here’s how to view data using the EUR/USD (euro-to-dollar exchange rate) as an” example:

The currency on the left is the base currency (the euro).

The currency on the right is the quote currency (the US dollar).

The “exchange rate refers to how much of the quoted currency is required to buy one unit of the base currency. As a result, the base currency is often expressed as a single unit, while the quote currency varies depending on the current market and the amount needed to buy one unit of the base currency.

When the EUR/USD exchange rate is 1.2, €1 will buy $1.20 (or $1.20 will buy €1).

As “the exchange rate rises, the value of the base currency rises in comparison to the quote currency (because €1 now buys more US dollars), and when the exchange rate falls, the value of the” base currency falls.

Advantages of Forex exchange


Leverage is a key aspect of FX trading since it allows you to enter a trade with only a small initial deposit or margin.

High liquidity

With a daily average turnover of about $5 trillion, the currency market is the most heavily traded financial market on the planet. Currency markets are more liquid than any other stock market because there are so many global market participants trading at any given time during the day. For Forex brokers, liquidity is usually supplied by specialized liquidity providers.

Forex Robot

A Forex Robot is a type of computer program, designed to follow a specific set of trade signals and settings in determining the best prices at which you can buy or sell a currency pair. Top Forex robots are meant to help eliminate emotional and psychological biases when trading and also automate the Forex industry.

24-hour market

Forex is an over-the-counter (OTC) market, which ensures that transactions are not conducted through a centralized exchange like stocks or indices. From Sunday night to Friday night, FX trading takes place around the world, 24 hours a day.

This means that, unlike other financial markets, investors will almost always react to currency fluctuations triggered by economic, political, and social events as they happen, rather than waiting for markets to open.

Disadvantages of Forex exchange

Lack of transparency

Traders are trading against professionals due to the deregulated existence of the forex industry, which is dominated by brokers. Since the forex market is dominated by brokers, it may not be fully clear.

It takes time

If you are a good Forex trader, you would most likely want to spend more time with your family or for yourself.

Automated Trading System

Traders may construct simple rules for trade entries and exits that can then be carried out automatically by a computer using automated trading systems, also known as mechanical trading systems, algorithmic trading, automated trading, or machine trading. Automated trading systems account for 70 percent to 80 percent or more of shares traded on U.S. stock exchanges, according to various platforms.

Traders and investors can program computers to execute and monitor trades based on precise entry, exit, and money management rules. One of the most appealing features of strategy automation is that it can take away some of the emotion from trading by placing trades automatically when certain conditions are” met.

Simple conditions like a moving average crossover can be used as trade entry and exit rules, as well as more complicated strategies that require a detailed understanding of the programming language used by the user’s trading platform. They can also depend on the expertise of a professional programmer.

Typically, “automated trading systems include software connected to a direct access broker, as well as any related rules written in the platform’s proprietary language. The trade station network, for example, uses the Easy Language programming” language.

Advantages of Automated Systems

Minimizing Emotions

During the trading process, automated trading systems reduce the impact of emotions. Traders who keep their emotions in check are more likely to stick to their plans.


Backtesting is a method of determining the feasibility of a concept by applying trading rules to historical market records. All rules must be absolute, with no space for interpretation, when developing a framework for automated trading. The machine is unable to make educated guesses and must be given specific instructions.

Improving Order Entry Speed

Since “computers adapt rapidly to changing market conditions, automated systems will generate orders as soon as trade requirements are met. Getting into or out of a transaction a few seconds sooner can have a significant impact on the result of” the trade.

Diversifying Trading

Users of automated trading systems may trade several accounts or strategies at the same time.

Drawbacks of Automated Systems

Mechanical Failures

If “an internet connection is lost, an order cannot be submitted to the market. A misalignment between the strategy’s theoretical trades and the order entry platform component that converts them to actual trades may also be present. Most traders should expect a learning curve when using automated trading systems, and it’s typically a good idea to start with small trade sizes before the process” is refined.


Despite “the fact that it would be ideal to turn on the computer and walk away for the day, automated trading systems need continuous monitoring. This is due to the possibility of technical issues such as communication breakdowns, power outages, or computer crashes, as well as system” inconsistencies.

Interesting Related Article: “The Beginner’s Guide to Forex Trading