What is market share? How to calculate market share

Market share is the proportion of total sales a company claims to have in a particular market over a specified period, i.e. the size of a business relative to the size of the industry. Total sales may be measured by volume (unit share) or value (revenue share).

Marketing managers tend to follow both measures, i.e., sales volume and sales value, closely. A survey of almost 200 senior marketing managers found that 67% found the ‘dollar share’ metric very useful, while 61% found the ‘unit share’ very useful.

The share may be a measure of percentage of total sales in a city, region, country, or continent. It may also be a percentage share of the global market.

Calculating market share – volume or sales value

By volume

If John Doe Autos Ltd. sold 100,000 cars in London in 2014, and the whole market in the city for the year was 1,000,000 cars, John Doe had a market share by volume (unit market share) of 10%.

Unit Market Share = Number of Units Sold by Company ÷ Number of Units in Whole Market x 100
(100,000 ÷ 1,000,000 x 100 = 10%)

By value of sales

If John Doe Autos Inc. sold $50 million’s worth of cars in New York in 2014, and the whole market in the city for the year was $1,000 million, its market share by value of sales (revenue market share) was 5%.

Revenue Market Share = Value of Company’s Total Sales ÷ Value of Total Market x 100
(50,000,000 ÷ 1,000,000,000 x 100 =5%)

While a company’s own sales figures are easy to obtain, getting total market sales are not so easy. Generally, this information is available from market research firms and trade associations.

Managers carefully monitor their company’s (or product’s) share of the market because it may be a sign of the firm’s relative competitiveness. If sales grow at the same rate as whole market, the share of the market has remained constant. If its growth exceeds the market’s rate of expansion, market share is getting bigger.

Increasing market share not always desirable

You would think that there could never be a reason for a company to decide not to try to increase its share of the market. However, there are some.

– If the company is close to production capacity, trying to produce more might mean investing in additional capacity. If this extra capacity is not utilized fully, costs will be considerably higher.

– Profits may fall if a company raises its share of the market by spending more on promotions or slashing prices.

– Rivals and other competitors may start a price war in an attempt to regain their share.

– If you already dominate the market, increasing your market share may result in antitrust issues.

Cambridge Dictionaries Online, has the following definition of the term:

The number of things that a company sells compared with the number of things of the same type that other companies sell.”

Blue Ocean Strategy

In a saturated market, gaining a greater share of the market eventually becomes impossible. That is when a Blue Ocean Strategy becomes an interesting option.

This strategy involves entering a market where no rivals exist. The Blue Ocean Strategy theory was put forward by two INSEAD professors in 2005.

3-Word compound phrases with ‘Market Share’

With the term ‘Market Share,’ I can make many 3-word compound phrases, such as:

  • Growing Market Share

Refers to the increase of a company’s sales proportion in relation to the total market sales.

  • Global Market Share

The portion of sales a company or product secures out of total sales worldwide.

  • Regional Market Share

The percentage of sales within a specific geographic region relative to the total sales in that area.

  • Target Market Share

The desired or planned percentage of sales in a particular market targeted by a company.

  • Competitive Market Share

The portion of a market controlled by a company relative to its competitors.

Quarterly Market Share – The company’s percentage of total market sales measured quarterly.

  • Peak Market Share

The highest market share a company has achieved during a specific time period.

  • Minimum Market Share

The smallest proportion of the market that a business considers acceptable or profitable.

Maximum Market Share – The largest portion of the market that a company aims to capture.

  • Declining Market Share

A situation where a company’s percentage of the total market sales is decreasing.

  • Sector Market Share

The measure of a company’s sales compared to the total sales for that specific industry or sector.

  • Dominant Market Share

When a company possesses a substantially larger percentage of the market than its competitors.

Projected Market Share – An estimate of what a company’s market share will be in the future.

  • Stable Market Share

A situation where a company maintains a consistent portion of the market over time.

  • Specific Market Share

The portion of sales within a particular niche or segment of the overall market.

Other languages

Here is the term ‘Market Share’ in various different languages:

  • Spanish: Cuota de mercado
  • Hindi: बाज़ार हिस्सेदारी
  • French: Part de marché
  • Arabic: حصة السوق
  • Bengali: বাজার শেয়ার
  • Russian: Доля рынка
  • Portuguese: Participação de mercado
  • Indonesian: Pangsa pasar
  • Urdu: مارکیٹ شیئر
  • German: Marktanteil
  • Japanese: 市場シェア
  • Swahili: Sehemu ya soko
  • Marathi: बाजार हिस्सा
  • Telugu: మార్కెట్ షేర్
  • Turkish: Pazar payı
  • Korean: 시장 점유율
  • Tamil: சந்தை பங்கு
  • Vietnamese: Thị phần
  • Italian: Quota di mercato
  • Gujarati: બજારનો હિસ્સો
  • Farsi: سهم بازار
  • Bhojpuri: बजार के हिस्सा
  • Hakka: 市場佔有率
  • Mandarin Chinese: 市场份额
  • Cantonese Chinese: 市場份額
  • Jin Chinese: 市场份额 (Similar to Mandarin)
  • Southern Min: 市場份額 (Similar to Mandarin)
  • Kannada: ಮಾರುಕಟ್ಟೆ ಪಾಲು
  • Swedish: Marknadsandel
  • Danish: Markedsandel
  • Norwegian: Markedsandel
  • Finnish: Markkinaosuus
  • Dutch: Marktaandeel
  • Hungarian: Piaci részesedés
  • Romanian: Cotă de piață
  • Czech: Podíl na trhu
  • Ukrainian: Частка ринку

Video explanation

This Marketing Business Network video explains what market share is in a way that’s simple and easy to understand: