Insufficient Maternity Insurance Coverage Among Indian Corporations – Ways to Reinforce Maternity Benefits

Surrogacy Planning - pregnant woman image

Maternity is a transformative and life-changing experience, and ensuring the health and well-being of both mother and child during this crucial period is of paramount importance. In the context of employee health insurance, maternity coverage stands out as a vital component that provides essential financial support and peace of mind to expecting parents. In this article, we will explore the critical importance of maternity coverage in employee health insurance and how it benefits both employees and employers.

Understanding Maternity Coverage

 Maternity coverage in employee health insurance, like dedicated maternity health insurance, is a specific provision that caters to the medical needs associated with pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care. This coverage extends to a range of services, including prenatal check-ups, hospitalization for childbirth, newborn care, and postnatal visits. Maternity coverage ensures that expecting mothers have access to quality healthcare services without being overwhelmed by the financial burden of medical expenses.

Reasons for Inadequate Maternity Coverage in Employee Health Insurance

Inadequate maternity coverage in Indian group health insurance plans is a common concern, and it can be attributed to several factors and challenges:

Cost Concerns 

One of the primary reasons for inadequate maternity coverage is the high cost associated with pregnancy and childbirth. Prenatal care, hospitalization for delivery, and postnatal care can result in substantial medical expenses. Insurers are often cautious about providing extensive maternity coverage as it can significantly increase the overall cost of the group health insurance plan. To maintain affordability, many group policies limit maternity benefits or offer them as optional add-ons

Pre-Existing Conditions

Some group insurance plans may include exclusions or limitations related to pre-existing conditions, including pregnancy. If an employee is already pregnant when they join the group plan, the insurer may either exclude maternity benefits for that pregnancy or provide limited coverage. This can result in gaps in coverage and increased out-of-pocket expenses for expectant mothers.

High Attrition Rates

Employee turnover is relatively common in the corporate world. Employees change jobs for various reasons, including career advancement or better opportunities. This high attrition rate poses a challenge for group insurers as they may be hesitant to offer comprehensive maternity coverage, knowing that an employee who becomes pregnant shortly after joining the plan might switch employers before giving birth. This could result in significant claims on a policy to which the employee did not contribute for an extended period.

Affordability Concerns for Employers

Employers are often the policyholders and sponsors of group health insurance plans. To control costs and remain competitive, some employers may opt for more basic health insurance plans, which may not include comprehensive maternity coverage. Comprehensive maternity benefits can significantly increase the premiums for group plans, affecting the employer’s budget and potentially leading to reluctance to include such coverage.

Lack of Awareness

Both employers and employees may lack awareness of the importance of comprehensive maternity coverage. Some employers might not fully understand the value of maternity benefits in attracting and retaining talent. On the other hand, employees may not be aware of the negotiation possibilities when it comes to enhancing maternity coverage within their group plans.

Policy Structure

Group health insurance plans are often designed to cater to a wide range of healthcare needs for a diverse workforce. Maternity coverage might not receive the same level of emphasis as other healthcare benefits like hospitalization, outpatient care, or critical illness coverage. Consequently, maternity coverage may be limited or not included as a core benefit in some group plans.

Insurer Policies

Different insurance providers have varying policies and approaches when it comes to maternity coverage within group health insurance plans. Some insurers may be more willing to provide comprehensive maternity benefits, while others may have stricter terms and conditions or limitations. Employers often choose insurers based on factors like cost and network coverage, which can influence the maternity coverage available.

To address the issue of inadequate maternity coverage in Indian group health insurance plans, it is necessary for both employers and employees to take proactive steps. Employers should carefully review and consider the needs of their workforce when selecting group health insurance plans, including maternity coverage options. 

Employees should also be aware of the terms and conditions of their group policies and consider supplementing their coverage with individual maternity policies if necessary to ensure comprehensive coverage during pregnancy and childbirth. 

Additionally, increased awareness for improved maternity benefits within group plans can lead to positive changes in the long run.

The Importance of Maternity Coverage in Employee-Sponsored Health Insurance Plans

Financial Security for Expecting Parents

The financial aspect of maternity care is a significant concern for many families. Pregnancy and childbirth involve various medical expenses, including doctor’s fees, hospitalization charges, diagnostic tests, and medications. In some cases, complications during pregnancy or childbirth can lead to higher medical costs.

Maternity coverage offers financial security by covering these expenses, allowing expecting parents to focus on their health and the well-being of their baby without worrying about the associated bills. This security is especially important in a country like India, where healthcare costs can vary significantly.

Access to Quality Care

Maternity coverage ensures that expecting mothers receive timely and comprehensive prenatal care. Regular check-ups, ultrasounds, and screenings are vital for monitoring the health of both the mother and the baby.

In the absence of maternity coverage, some families might be hesitant to seek proper healthcare due to the cost, which can lead to complications or delayed treatment. Maternity coverage removes this barrier and encourages early and regular medical consultations.

Reduced Stress and Anxiety

Pregnancy, time of emotional and physical changes, and stress can have adverse effects on both the mother and the baby. Concerns about medical expenses and financial strain can add to this stress.

Maternity coverage helps alleviate these worries, allowing expecting mothers to enjoy a more relaxed and stress-free pregnancy. Reduced stress can positively impact maternal health and contribute to a healthier pregnancy.

Optimal Care for Newborns

 Maternity coverage often extends to coverage for newborns during the initial days after birth. This includes coverage for vaccinations, postnatal care, and any medical needs that may arise during the baby’s early days.

Early medical interventions and regular check-ups are critical for ensuring the well-being and healthy development of the newborn. Maternity coverage ensures that parents can provide the best care for their baby from the very beginning.

Retention and Attraction of Talent

Employers who offer maternity coverage as part of their employee health insurance package can retain top talent. In a competitive job market, such benefits demonstrate a commitment to employees’ well-being and work-life balance.

Expecting parents often prioritize employers who provide maternity coverage, as it greatly eases the financial burden associated with childbirth. Moreover, satisfied employees are more likely to stay with an employer, reducing turnover and recruitment costs.

 Supportive Workplace Culture

A workplace that offers maternity coverage fosters a supportive and inclusive culture. It sends a clear message that the organization values its employees’ family needs and recognizes the importance of balancing work and personal life.

Such a culture can lead to higher employee morale and engagement, contributing to a more productive and loyal workforce.

Key Considerations for Maternity Coverage in Employee Health Insurance

When evaluating maternity coverage in employee health insurance, both employees and employers should consider several key factors:

Waiting Period: Maternity coverage typically comes with a waiting period, which is the time between purchasing the policy and becoming eligible for maternity benefits. Employees should be aware of this waiting period and plan accordingly.

Coverage Limit: Check the coverage limit for maternity-related expenses. Some policies have a sub-limit for maternity coverage, which means that the coverage may not fully cover all expenses. It’s essential to select a policy with an adequate coverage limit.

Network Hospitals: Ensure that the insurance provider has tie-ups with network hospitals that offer maternity services. This can simplify the claims process and provide access to high-quality healthcare facilities.

Premium Costs: Consider the premium costs associated with maternity coverage. While this is an essential benefit, it’s crucial to balance it with the overall cost of the health insurance policy.

Coverage for Complications: Understand whether the policy covers complications during pregnancy or childbirth. Complications can lead to higher medical expenses, and having coverage for these scenarios is vital.


Maternity coverage in employee health insurance is not just about financial protection; it’s a testament to an employer’s commitment to employee well-being and family values. It provides peace of mind to expecting parents, ensuring that they can focus on the joys of parenthood without the added stress of medical bills. 

For employees, maternity coverage offers financial security, access to quality care, and a supportive workplace culture. For employers, it can be a valuable tool for attracting and retaining talent and creating a positive and inclusive work environment. In a world where work-life balance and employee benefits play an increasingly significant role in career decisions, maternity coverage stands out as a benefit that goes beyond the workplace, positively impacting the lives of employees and their families.

Interesting Related Article: “Why do you need an insurance plan?