Kidney stones have always been a challenge to patients, the medical fraternity, and the entire healthcare system. Though they are a common urological disease, they are associated with debilitating pain and discomfort, demanding immediate medical attention. Also known as nephrolithiasis (nephro -kidney; lithiasis- stones), they are highly prevalent in males. About one in 500 individuals are diagnosed with kidney stones each year. There are many good hospitals that offer kidney stone treatment in Delhi to deal with the condition at the earliest and to avoid complications.
What are kidney stones and why do they form?
Kidney stones are crystallized minerals that occlude the urinary tract. They are generally formed by the chemical waste in the urine. There are four different types of kidney stones, depending on their constituent minerals. At least half a million people visit the emergency room for renal stones. When a person doesn’t drink adequate water, and if they do not urinate periodically, the minerals start to solidify and form calculus (stones). When they are big enough, they will occlude the urinary tract and cause severe pain. At times, they might also stay in the kidneys and cause pain. When they obstruct the urinary tract, they might cause a back flow of urine and cause infections of the organs.
Kidney stone symptoms
Renal calculus is a preventable disease that we can easily avoid by drinking enough water and urinating frequently. Everyone should know about kidney stone symptoms and prevention so that they can stay alert and informed. Some of the kidney stones could be as small as a grain of sand. Others could be as big as a pebble. The larger the stone, the worse are the symptoms. The common symptoms of kidney stones are as follows.
- Severe pain on the flanks or the lower back
- A constant vague pain in the lower back and lower abdomen that doesn’t go away with rest
- Finding blood in the urine
- Fever and chills
- Nausea and vomiting
- Cloudy urine or foul-smelling urine.
When the size of the kidney stone is small, it generally passes out in urine without causing any pain. In case the stone doesn’t pass through and creates pain, kidney stone treatment in Delhi will focus on pain medicines and surgery to remove the calculus.
Kidney stones treatment:
In most of the cases, doctors will ask their clients with renal stones to drink plenty of water. This actually allows the stone to pass through without surgery. Kidney stone treatment in Delhi includes medications and surgery, depending on the size of the stone. Most of the small kidney stones will not require invasive treatment. The treatment modalities suggested are as follows.
- Doctors will advise to drink two to three quarts of water a day to dilute the urine and to prevent stones from forming. This will also flush out the existing stone from the urinary tract.
- Passing small stones in the urine can create discomfort. To relieve the pain, doctors will prescribe painkillers. such as ibuprofen.
- Doctors can also prescribe certain medications like alpha blockers to relax the muscles in the urinary tract and to pass the stone quickly and with minimal pain.
- Shock wave lithotripsy is a non-invasive procedure where doctors make use of high-energy shock waves to crush the stones into fragments. This procedure will allow the smaller stone fragments to pass through urine.
- Nephrologists will suggest surgical Kidney stone treatment in Delhi for very large stones. Nephrolithotomy is a surgical procedure to remove stones under general anesthesia.
How can we prevent the formation of kidney stones?
We can prevent kidney stones by drinking 6 to 8 liters of water a day, including adequate calcium in the diet, limiting foods rich in oxalate content, and avoiding excess salt intake.
Some of the best centers offer the best kidney stone treatment in Delhi. Kidney stones can develop into chronic kidney disease. Consulting with the best nephrologist at the right time is of pivotal importance in avoiding complications from kidney stones.
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